How to file a writ petition Before Supreme Court?

How to File a Writ Petition in India

The Supreme Court of India is the highest court in the country and the guardian of the Constitution. It has the power to issue writs, which are orders to enforce Fundamental Rights and ensure justice. This guide provides an overview of the process for filing a writ petition in the Supreme Court. However, it’s crucial to understand that this information is for general knowledge and does not constitute legal advice. Consulting a qualified advocate is essential for navigating the legal complexities involved.

Check Jurisdiction for Writ Petition Before Supreme Court

  • Generally, you don’t need to approach the High Court first if your petition directly concerns the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction.
  • However, if your case relates to a lower court’s judgment, you’ll need to convince the Supreme Court because you didn’t approach the High Court first.

Essential Points Before You Begin

  • Grounds for Filing: You can only file a writ petition in the Supreme Court if your Fundamental Right guaranteed under Part III of the Constitution has been violated. Examples include rights to equality, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion.
  • Jurisdiction: Consider if the Supreme Court is the right forum. Generally, you should first approach the High Court with your writ petition. The Supreme Court can be approached directly only in exceptional cases with strong justification for bypassing the High Court.
  • Public Interest Litigation (PIL): If your petition concerns a larger public interest rather than your right, you can file a PIL.

Process of Filing a Writ Petition

  1. Consultation with an Advocate: Discuss your case with a qualified advocate. They will assess the merits of your case, advise on the appropriate writ (habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition, or quo warranto), and guide you through the filing process.

  2. Preparation of the Petition: The advocate will draft the writ petition following the format specified by the Supreme Court Rules, 2013. The petition typically includes:

    • Cover Page: Petitioner details, case title, and nature of the writ.
    • Introduction: Briefly introduces the petitioner and the case.
    • Statement of Facts: A chronological narration of events leading to the alleged violation of your right.
    • Grounds for Petition: Explains how your Fundamental Right has been infringed.
    • Prayer: Clearly states the specific relief sought from the Court (e.g., quashing an order, directing authorities to take action).
  3. Affidavit: The petitioner must swear an affidavit verifying the contents of the petition.

  4. Court Fees and Annexures: Pay the requisite court fees and attach relevant documents (copies of judgments, orders, etc.) as annexures.

  5. E-filing or Manual Filing: The Supreme Court allows online filing (e-filing) through its website. Alternatively, you can file the petition manually at the Registry of the Court.

E-filing on the Supreme Court Website

The Supreme Court website provides a user-friendly e-filing portal. Here’s a general outline:

  • Register on the e-filing portal if it’s your first time.
  • Log in and navigate to the “New eFiling” section.
  • Choose the appropriate category (writ petition) and fill in the required details.
  • Upload scanned copies of the petition, affidavit, and annexures, ensuring they meet the Court’s specifications.
  • Pay the court fees electronically.
  • Upon successful filing, you’ll receive an acknowledgment with a unique case number.

Manual Filling

  • Obtain petition forms and guidelines from the Supreme Court Registry.
  • Prepare the petition, affidavit, and annexures in the prescribed format.
  • Submit the documents along with the court fees in person at the Registry.

Important Considerations

  • Strict Time Limits: There are time limits for filing writ petitions, so prompt action is crucial.
  • Detailed and Clear Communication: The petition should be clear, concise, and well-organized, presenting a strong case with supporting evidence.
  • Following Court Rules: Ensure the petition adheres to the Supreme Court Rules to avoid delays or rejection.

After Filing

  • The Court may issue a notice to the respondent (party against whom the writ is sought).
  • Hearings may be scheduled to present arguments before the judges.
  • The Court will deliver a judgment, either granting or dismissing the writ petition.

Important Link

Leave a Comment