What is the manner of election of the president of India? in constitution of India.

What is the manner of election of the president of India? in constitution of India.

The President of India is the ceremonial head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the highest constitutional authority in the country and is responsible for upholding the Constitution and ensuring the unity and integrity of the nation.

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The President of India is elected by an Electoral College consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament and members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States. The President holds office for a term of five years and can be re-elected for a maximum of two terms.

Electoral College: The President is elected by an Electoral College consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) and elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of all the states in India.

Notification: The Election Commission of India issues a notification calling for the election of the President. The notification specifies the date and time of the election and provides a timeline for the filing of nominations, withdrawal of nominations, and other election-related activities.

Eligibility: Candidates who wish to contest the election for the office of President of India must be Indian citizens, at least 35 years old, and eligible to become a member of the Lok Sabha.

Nomination:
To contest the election, a candidate must be nominated by at least 50 members of the Electoral College as proposers and 50 members as seconders. The candidate must also submit a security deposit, which is refunded if the candidate secures a certain minimum number of votes.

Scrutiny of Nominations:
The Election Commission scrutinizes the nominations to ensure that they meet the eligibility criteria and that the required number of proposers and seconders have signed the nomination form.

Final List of Candidates:
After the scrutiny of nominations, the Election Commission publishes a final list of candidates who are eligible to contest the election.

Voting:
The election is held using a secret ballot. In the first round of voting, each elector has one vote. If no candidate receives a majority of votes in the first round, a second round of voting is held.

Second Round:
In the second round of voting, only the two candidates who received the highest number of votes in the first round are eligible to contest.

Majority: The candidate who receives the majority of votes in the second round is declared elected as the President of India.

Equal Votes: If two or more candidates receive an equal number of votes, the election is decided by a joint sitting of both Houses of Parliament.

In conclusion, the manner of election of the President of India is an indirect election process that involves the participation of elected representatives of both Houses of Parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of all the states in India. The Election Commission of India oversees the process, and the election is held using a secret ballot. The candidate who receives the majority of votes in the final round of voting is declared elected as the President of India.

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